Name of the project area:

Monte Cofano, Capo San Vito e Monte Sparacio

Surface area (ha):


EU protection status:

SPA X NATURA 2000 Code : ITA010029

Other protection status according to national or regional legislation:

Monte Cofano and Zingaro are Oriented Nature Reserves

Main land uses and ownership status of the project area:

Almost the totality of the SPA surface (around the 98%) is represented by State territory, while the remaining part is represented by territories of private owners.
The State part of the territory include, above all, Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-steppe Scrub (Habitat code :5330). These are discontinuous coenosis whom physiognomy is made by wooden (Euphorbia dendroides, Chamaerops humilis, Genista spp.) and herbaceous species (Ampelodesmos mautitanicus); this last species has an areale of western-mediterranean typology. While, Chamaerops humilis has an areale of western-steno-mediterranean, and in Sicily records its best expression in the extreme western side of the region, in particular in the coast of Trapani (the same coast concerned by the SPA included in the project).
In the higher parts, rest of wood of holm oak (Quercus ilex) and downy oak (Quercus pubescens) are present; while the territories of private owners include almost exclusively vineyards, olive groves and cereal cultivation.
All the State part of the SPA land is managed by the Azienda Foreste Demaniali of Sicilian Regional Department our project partner.

Scientific description of project area:

The area extension is about 15.254 ha and concerns the territories of San Vito Lo Capo, Castellammare del Golfo and Custonaci (Trapani Province). The area includes very interesting biotypes, already included within 2 wide Nature Reserves called Zingaro and Monte Cofano. It is a coast prevalently of carbonate type; the bigger mountains are those of Monte Sparacio (1110 m) and Monte Speziale (913m). From a climate point of view, we can say that the closeness to the Trapani city and to Capo San Vito sea coasts causes an influences in it, with an annual average range of 6,9 and 7,3. The diurnal average temperature is about 18 19. According to the pluviometric data, the area records an average rainfall between 502,4 mm and 602,7 mm. According to the index set by RIVAS MARTINEZ (1994, 1996) the area falls between the dry inferior thermo Mediterranean superior and the sub damp inferior meso Mediterranean superior climate type.
Importance of the project area for biodiversity and/or for the conservation of the species / habitat types targeted at regional, national and EU level :
The importance of the area is testified by the presence of two Regional Nature Reserve within it. The two reserve together with the SPA were established in order to conserve the Mediterranean habitats, and they represent one of the most important example of biodiversity within the Mediterranean Region.
A big portion of the area is characterized by Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-steppe Scrub (Habitat code :5330).
Moreover, there is an interesting variety of plants, including around 22 species of wild orchid, some of which are endemic.
The SPA represents a reference point for the spring and autumnal migration routs of numerous bird species, including rare species of birds of prey. Indeed, the numerous rocky walls (code habitat 8210) give hospitality to 3-4 pairs of Bonelli's eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus), 1 pair of Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaaetos), some pairs of Lanner falcon (Falco biarmicus), Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), Black kite (Milvus migrans) and Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus). Finally, in this area live a lot of animal species including in the Habitat Directive 92/43 EEC and some endemic species of vertebrates (of Sicily) like the Sicilian shrew (Crocidura sicula), Sicilian green toad (Bufo siculus) and the Sicilian wall lizard (Podarcis wagleriana)

2000 Data Form
Map and Natura